Jane Lubchenco is a renowned marine ecologist who has made significant contributions to the fields of marine biology and environmental science.
She is notable for her work in understanding the impacts of human activities on the ocean and for her advocacy for the sustainable use of ocean resources.
Three of her greatest contributions to science are:
Development of the concept of "ecosystem-based management" (EBM), which emphasizes the need to manage entire ecosystems rather than individual species to ensure their long-term health and sustainability. EBM has since become a cornerstone of modern marine conservation.
Founding the Partnership for Interdisciplinary Studies of Coastal Oceans (PISCO), which brought together scientists from different disciplines to study the impacts of climate change on coastal ecosystems. This research helped inform policies and management practices for protecting these critical habitats.
Serving as the first female administrator of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) where she worked to address issues such as overfishing, ocean acidification, and climate change, and promoted the use of science-based decision-making in environmental policy.